Study Finds Racial, Gender Gaps in Students’ Plans for College

Suzanne Potter | California News Service
A new survey finds that one-quarter of high school seniors expected to attend community college in 2019, a proportion that had dropped to one-fifth by 2023. Photo Credit: Alina / Adobe Stock

A new survey of 25,000 high school seniors finds 74% say they want to go to college – but only 66% expect to enroll. The nonprofit YouthTruth found the 8% percent gap widens to 14% for Native American students, 10% for Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islanders, 9% Hispanics, and 8% for African American students.

Que Dang, executive director of student equity and success at Pasadena City College, says COVID and the resulting job losses disproportionately hurt families of color – causing college dreams to suffer.

“A lot of it has to do with folks really struggling with different stresses that are happening throughout their lives. So, it’s not just around education, but it’s around mental health, getting jobs; it’s also around trying to provide for their families,” Dang said.

To make it easier for students to afford to attend, all community colleges in California now have a Basic Needs Center that can help with rent, food and mental-health supports. There is also a statewide network of mentors, including some that specifically work with African American male students.

The survey also finds 83% of female high school seniors aspire to go to college, and 77% believe they can actually go – while only 68% of their male counterparts want to go to college, and just 57% believe it is a real option. Part of the difference can be blamed on societal norms that discourage men from seeking help, according to Dang.

“A lot of them don’t want to ask for help,” Dang explained. “And so they don’t seek out services in the same way as women. And there are so many support systems to help them get through college, but they have societal pressures, like men wanting to ‘do it themselves.'”

The report also finds the percentage of seniors expecting to attend a four-year college has held steady at 46% over the last three years, and that Black students are increasingly under-represented on community college campuses.