Forget about new protections for California kids cruising the internet. There will be no new requirements for crime labs to process old rape kits. And some households behind on their water bills won‚Äôt get more time to pay them back before their pipes get shut off.
Those were some of the more than 200 bills California lawmakers killed on May 20th in the rapid-fire and often¬†mysterious procedure known as the suspense file.
Officially, the procedure promotes fiscal responsibility, allowing lawmakers to consider costly bills together and weigh their priorities. But it‚Äôs well known at the state Capitol that the suspense file is also a political tool that allows the most powerful legislators to keep controversial bills from reaching the Assembly or Senate floor ‚ÄĒ typically with no explanation, and sometimes without a public vote.
‚ÄúIt‚Äôs driven by a hundred different factors, some of which we can never explain and maybe the transparency is weak on,‚ÄĚ said Assemblymember Lorena Gonzalez, the San Diego Democrat who chairs the appropriations committee.
‚ÄúBut I‚Äôve never once had the Speaker come to me and say, ‚ÄėThis isn‚Äôt politically feasible.‚Äô‚ÄĚ
With more than 350 bills on the Senate‚Äôs suspense file and more than 500 on the Assembly‚Äôs, the lobbying leading up to today is intense: ‚ÄúEverybody but God himself has contacted me on a bill,‚ÄĚ Gonzalez said.
Though she downplayed the role of politics, one of her predecessors said the job is like being the ‚ÄúSpeaker‚Äôs henchman.‚ÄĚ They can use the suspense file to prevent an idea they don‚Äôt like from becoming law, exact revenge on a fellow lawmaker or shield their colleagues from having to take a position on a controversial proposal.
‚ÄúYou‚Äôve got to be prepared to take really tough decisions for the caucus,‚ÄĚ former¬†Assemblymember Mike Gatto said¬†on a recent podcast.
Governors also try to bottle some things up in the suspense file, Gatto said, adding that when he left office in 2016, then-Gov. Jerry Brown thanked him for keeping legislation from reaching his desk.
The suspense file, of course, is not the only tool for slaying bills. Lawmakers can also kill them simply by doing nothing. For the last two years, the Assembly has allowed policy committee chairpersons to decide whether to give bills a hearing. That means they can¬†silently snuff them just by not taking them up for a vote.
This is how Democrats, who control the Legislature, have killed some of the¬†most progressive bills introduced this year, including proposals to develop a single-payer health care system, ban fracking and levy a wealth tax. It‚Äôs also what doomed an attempt to¬†repeal a ban on local soda taxes.
Gov. Gavin Newsom has said he will not sign tax increases this year, with the state awash in COVID-19 relief money from the federal government and taxes paid by wealthier residents benefiting from a booming stock market.
‚ÄúWhen you‚Äôre enjoying a $76-plus billion ‚ÄĒ and growing ‚ÄĒ operating surplus, I don‚Äôt think it‚Äôs the time to do tax increases,‚ÄĚ Newsom said last week as he¬†presented his updated budget.
Still, one major tax increase survived the suspense file today ‚ÄĒ a proposal to¬†increase taxes on international corporations to fund homeless services.
Here‚Äôs a look at some key proposals that stalled in today‚Äôs massive culling:
A year after protests across the country over police accountability and racism, lobbying by law enforcement groups effectively watered down or stopped a handful of bills aimed at policing the police:
- A proposed requirement that background checks explore if law enforcement officers have been affiliated with¬†hate groups in the past¬†stalled amid opposition from the California Correctional Peace Officers Association.
- A bill requiring police departments to pull in different agencies to¬†investigate police shootings of armed people¬†is on hold until next year.
- The biggest police reform bill of the year ‚ÄĒ which would¬†allow the state to kick bad cops out of the profession¬†for certain types of misconduct and make it easier for people to sue officers and departments for civil rights violations ‚ÄĒ survived the suspense file, but only after it was watered down. The version that‚Äôs moving ahead is more limited in when a person can sue the police ‚ÄĒ a change the bill‚Äôs author, state Sen. Steve Bradford, said was ‚Äúdifficult to accept.‚ÄĚ But, the Gardena Democrat said in a statement: ‚ÄúCompromise requires us to work together to find common ground.‚ÄĚ
For the second year in a row, the appropriations committee killed a bill requiring law enforcement agencies to¬†process their backlogged rape kits. The California Public Defenders Association argued the bill would take away resources to test other types of evidence.
‚ÄĒByrhonda Lyons and Robert Lewis
An effort to¬†streamline affordable housing funding¬†by creating one place for developers to apply for tax credits, bonds and subsidies is on hold until next year.¬†UC Berkeley‚Äôs Terner Center¬†and the state auditor argued this approach would cut the cost and¬†time it takes to build affordable housing, but state Treasurer Fiona Ma, whose office would have given up some power, called the overhaul ‚Äúrisky.‚ÄĚ
Assemblymember Buffy Wicks‚Äô third attempt to create a registry making it easier to¬†determine who owns rental housing¬†died amid opposition from the California Association of Realtors, which argued the registry would burden property owners. The Realtors ‚ÄĒ a political powerhouse in Sacramento ‚ÄĒ spent¬†nearly $350,000 on lobbying¬†between January and March and also opposed a measure to curb evictions and another to help first-time homebuyers by ending a mortgage interest deduction on second homes, which¬†died before they even got to the Assembly appropriations committee.
Poverty and inequality
A proposal to shield more¬†Californians who are late on water bills¬†from¬†having their water shut off¬†stalled in the face of opposition from municipal water agencies. But hope is not lost for those late on water bills. Newsom wants to spend $1 billion to bail out consumers and providers crushed by water debt. And another bill to¬†create a water assistance program¬†survived today‚Äôs bloodbath.
A number of proposals aimed at using the tax system to help low-income consumers also died, including a bill to¬†make parents without income eligible for California‚Äôs tax credit¬†for young children of as much as $1,000, a proposal to¬†help low-income workers maximize their tax refund¬†by choosing from the last three years of income and a plan to¬†create a state tax credit for employers who hire people¬†who are disabled veterans, on public assistance or formerly incarcerated. For each, legislative analysts questioned whether the benefits outweigh the cost to the state.
Insurance companies prevailed in killing a bill that would have allowed the state to¬†require health plans to issue ‚Äúemergency payments‚ÄĚ¬†to struggling health providers in public health crises. The legislation was backed by¬†doctors and dentists who said the pandemic left many medical and dental practices cash-strapped¬†because of fewer patient visits.
A bill to¬†hire a chief school nurse at the state level¬†also failed, even though ‚ÄĒ as¬†CalMatters reported¬†last year ‚ÄĒ California is one of only 10 states without someone in that position.
‚ÄĒAna B. Ibarra and Barbara Feder Ostrov
An attempt to streamline¬†permitting for residential solar systems died amid opposition from unions representing electrical workers. Environmental groups supported the bill that would have¬†required cities and counties to establish online permitting and automated approvals for residential solar¬†systems ‚ÄĒ a response to the often sluggish permitting process and the associated costs that has caused consumers to cool toward adopting solar systems.
Environmentalists also lost out with the stalling of a bill to require companies doing business in California with more than $1 billion in annual revenues to publicly¬†report their greenhouse gas emissions¬†from both direct sources, such as manufacturing, and indirect, such as from their supply chain. The bill‚Äôs delay until next year ‚Äúshows just how much control corporate polluters still have in California,‚ÄĚ the head of the California League of Conservation Voters said in a statement.
Legislation aimed at¬†preventing universities from reducing students‚Äô financial aid¬†when they receive private scholarships is on hold until at least next year. A bill that would have dedicated $20 million to¬†expand mental health services to students¬†attending the state‚Äôs public colleges and universities also stalled, but Assemblymember Kevin McCarty said he‚Äôll try to fund it through the state budget. Legislation to¬†ensure support staff at California State University campuses get 5% merit raises¬†failed amid opposition from university leaders.
Another measure that stalled would have barred the University of California from entering into contracts with health providers that forbid UC medical staff from¬†providing reproductive healthcare and gender-affirming care for transgender patients. It was pulled to give the UC until next year to establish its own policies, said a spokesperson for the bill‚Äôs author, Sen. Scott Wiener of San Francisco. The proposal was also¬†opposed by Catholic hospitals, which have partnerships with UC hospitals.
Left to live another day is arguably the most consequential higher education bill ‚ÄĒ¬†a massive expansion of state financial aid.
‚ÄĒFelicia Mello and Mikhail Zinshteyn
Broadband access and internet safety
The pandemic-induced shift to remote work and distance learning prompted a¬†slate of proposals aimed at closing the digital divide. Two of them died today:
- One proposed¬†a statewide broadband subsidy¬†for low-income people. While it aimed to improve¬†broadband affordability ‚ÄĒ a barrier to access that has been laid bare by the pandemic¬†‚ÄĒ anti-poverty groups and advocates for lower taxes on businesses opposed its plan to charge telecom companies 23 cents per month per user. Plus, the federal government just created its own¬†$50 per month pandemic broadband benefit¬†for low-income consumers, though it‚Äôs temporary.
- A bill to¬†put a $10 billion bond on the 2022 ballot¬†to fund a public-sector run broadband network was scrapped after the¬†governor earmarked $7 billion for internet deployment¬†in his budget proposal.
Concern that kids can too easily drift into violent or inappropriate content online prompted a bill that would have¬†prohibited features such as auto-play videos and in-app purchases, unless parents opt-in for their children. But it died for a second year in a row, even after being narrowed to address the tech industry‚Äôs opposition to an earlier version.
‚ÄĒJackie Botts, Ben Christopher and Zayna Syed
CalMatters reporters Rachel Becker, Nigel Duara and Jocelyn Wiener contributed to this story.